Car Parts Incubator
Every year worldwide over four million infants die within a month of birth. Of this number, 3.9 million are in the developing world. In developing countries, not only is there limited access to modern, high tech incubators, but a lack of infrastructure and replacement parts often render such devices useless. The goal of this project was to create a low-cost incubator and isolation unit for infant care in rural health clinics in developing countries using locally available parts and a familiar mechanical language.
This baby incubator aimed to take advantage of an abundant local resource in developing countries: Toyota truck parts and the knowledge of auto technicians. Our goal was to leverage the existing supply chain of the auto industry and the technical understanding of local car mechanics. Among other components, this prototype used sealed-beamed headlights as a heating element, a dashboard fan circulates convective heat, signal lights and a door chime serve as alarms, and a motorcycle battery and car cigarette lighter provide alternative energy sources.
After developing three prototypes of this incubator, it never went into mass production. Breaking down a real Toyota truck and exploring how to build a functional incubator from the hundreds of parts from which it is constructed was more than a simple design exercise. It raised a series of important questions that we, and others, continue to address in our work to this day. How will our products be used, what are the appropriate materials to build them with and how will they be maintained, deconstructed and exist responsibly in the world we live in?